PFPW.NEWS – August 31, 2020

Contents:

~   Effects of Cumulative Chemical and Non-Chemical Environmental Stressors on Child Development
~   Nanoplastics – Gene Functions Measured in Daphnia Neonates
~   Plastic Packaging – US Plastics Pact Sets 2025 Reuse, Recycle and Compost Goals
~   UK Government Doubles Plastic Bag Fee and Applies it to All Retailers
~   Food Waste Reduction as Foodservice Businesses Reopen
~   About Plastic Food Packaging Waste News or PFPW.news

Effects of Cumulative Chemical and Non-Chemical Environmental Stressors on Child Development – On August 27, 2020, the EPA Science to Achieve Results (STAR) program sought “… applications to support a Center for Early Lifestage Vulnerabilities to Environmental Stressors. EPA is interested in supporting a transdisciplinary research center to better understand potential causal relationships among cumulative exposures to chemicals and non-chemical environmental stressors during early lifestages and modifying factors that result in adverse developmental health effects … The application should include the development and demonstration of novel and revolutionary quantitative methods and approaches to integrate multidisciplinary data (epidemiology, toxicology, exposure science, risk assessment, public health, social science, and environmental science) …” – If micro or nano plastic particles are such stressors, they would likely be eligible for study under this announcement #PlasticWaste #SingleUsePlastic #Microplastic #Nanoplastic

Nanoplastics – Gene Functions Measured in Daphnia Neonates
– According to a report published August 25, 2020 in the Journal of Hazardous Materials by researchers with East China Normal University, Shanghai, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN and others “…mechanistic nanoplastic toxicity is largely unknown. Here, global transcriptome sequencing (RNA-Seq) was performed on D. pulex neonates to quantitatively measure the expression level of transcripts. A total of 208 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were detected in response to nanoplastic exposure for 96 h, with 107 being up-regulated and 101 down-regulated. The gene functions and pathways for oxidative stress, immune defense, and glycometabolism were identified. In this study, D. pulex neonates provide some molecular insights into nanoplastic toxicity. However, more studies on DEGs are needed to better understand the underlying mechanisms that result as a response to nanoplastic toxicity in aquatic organisms …” #PlasticWaste #MicroPlastic #NanoPlastic

Plastic Packaging – US Plastics Pact Sets 2025 Reuse, Recycle and Compost Goals
– On August 25, 2020, many brands, retailers, government agencies and NGOs announced the formation of US Plastics Pact (USPP), the objective of which is for “… All Plastic Packaging to become Reusable, Recyclable, or Compostable by 2025 …”  – USPP is intended to “… to unify diverse public-private stakeholders across the plastics value chain to rethink the way we design, use, and reuse plastics … significant, systemwide change is needed to realize a circular economy for plastic … individualized action isn’t enough …” – USPP participants “… agree to … Define a list of packaging to be designated as problematic or unnecessary by 2021 and take measures to eliminate them by 2025 … By 2025, all plastic packaging is 100% reusable, recyclable, or compostable … By 2025, undertake ambitious actions to effectively recycle or compost 50% of plastic packaging … By 2025, the average recycled content or responsibly sourced bio-based content in plastic packaging will be 30% …”  USPP is led by The Recycling Partnership and World Wildlife Fund (WWF) and launched with the Ellen MacArthur Foundation #PlasticWaste #Recycling #USPlasticsPact

UK Government Doubles Plastic Bag Fee and Applies it to All Retailers 
– According to an August 31, 2020 UK Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs news release  “… The single-use carrier bag charge will be extended to all retailers and increased to 10p from April 2021 to further protect our oceans from plastic waste … The latest statistics show the current levy, which stands at 5p and applies to any retailer employing 250 or more people, has led to a 95 per cent cut in plastic bag sales in major supermarkets since 2015 … Today’s announcement … will … take us closer to our ambition to eliminate avoidable plastic waste through our 25 Year Environment Plan and build back greener after coronavirus … Other key government actions on plastics include … introducing a deposit return scheme to drive up the recycling of single-use drinks containers, and a ban on the supply of plastic straws, stirrers and cotton buds which will come into force in October. The government will also introduce a new … tax on plastic packaging which does not meet a minimum threshold of at least 30% recycled content from April 2022 …” #SingleUsePlastic @PlasticWaste #PlasticPackaging

Food Waste Reduction as Foodservice Businesses Reopen 
– On August 26, 2020 “… ReFED in partnership with the James Beard Foundation, LeanPath, Sodexo, and WWF …” released a handout providing “…  guidelines and resources that can help you incorporate food waste reduction procedures into your reopening and post-COVID operational plans …” – The handout is here.  #FoodWaste #FoodService #ReFED